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Identifier 000421852
Title Όψεις της αστικής κυβερνητικότητας : η "έννοια" της νεωτερικής πόλης στις αρχές του 20ου αιώνα
Alternative Title Aspects of urban govermentality the consept of the city in the beginningof 20th century
Author Ζγέρας, Ιωάννης
Thesis advisor Αράπογλου Βασίλειος
Reviewer Γκούνης Κώστας
Ρωμανός Βασίλειος
Abstract The starting point for this Thesis is the assumption that the issue of urban governance coincides with the formulation of meanings and concepts, which attach to the city of modernity. The beginning of the 20th century signals a historical breakthrough in mechanisms and processes of knowledge production, as far as it concerns the human coexistence, both in social and material terms. This field of knowledge will be assessed through a semiotic analysis of knowledge forms (discursive and non-discursive formations), which refer to the urban space, based on the Deleuze and Guattari theoretical work Capitalism and Schizophrenia. The first section seeks to reconstruct the characteristics and properties of the regime of signs as the field of meaning construction. The goal of this effort is to elucidate under which circumstances a given regime is transformed, forming a diagrammatic level of correlations, readjustments, and modifications over which the subject cogitates the urban field, and projects from within it a field of apperception of social becoming. Ιn the second chapter, we develop the appropriate concepts, in order to show the way knowledge integrates relations of power and constitute a process of governmentalization. The Foucauldian knowledge - power perspective will help us to designate the role of strategy, modality and microphysics of the latter. These parameters become a field of negotiation in the discourse about urbanism during the first decades of the 20th century. The theoretical framework and the bibliographical research reveal the concept of the urban diagram as an operative rationality capable of capturing lines of thought and mechanisms that aim to compose a new form of sociality. In a more general sense, this diagram constitutes a new subjectivity, forming a condition of possibility for the governance of modernity. The empirical material is analyzed in light of the aforementioned theoretical schema. Thus, the third chapter focuses on constitutive signs of modernism in architecture and town planning, so as to underscore the importance of the relation between rationality and artistic creation, while these are designated as two conditions of thought which expressed by rationalities and structures of social interaction in the beginning of t h e 20th century. These two characteristics are investigated successively through modern architecture, Art Nouveau, Italian Futurism and Bauhaus. The whole process represents a diagram, a mixed regime of signs, which attempt a broadening of the conceptual horizon concerning the city, or in other words, the technology of modernity’s urban governmentality. Consequently, the analysis in the forth and fifth chapter addresses specific discourses about urbanization processes, notwithstanding a research limitation as a result of a one-dimensional focus on European urbanism. A comparative analysis of Le Corbusier and CIAM with American sociologists of the Chicago School is chosen so as to overcome this limitation, thus disclosing processes and mechanisms that constitute a scientific discipline. This research area expands in a systematic way and constructs a broad signifying regime for modern life in the city. The analysis of different signs from the field of town planning and urban sociology, leads to the emergence of a common parameter: urban segmentarity. This aspect becomes projected under the conceptual framework of Deleuze and Guattari, in relation to the spatial and social segmentation of life, the micropolitics, and more importantly the interconnections with the Foucauldian conception of power. Therefore, the mapping of knowledge processes about urbanism is schematized as a trajectory of thought from something abstract (chapter 3) to something concrete (chapters 4 and 5) and describes the production of different mechanisms for the depoliticization of urban space.
Language Greek
Subject Chicago school
Moderm architecture
Semiotic analysis
Urban planning
Μοντέρνα αρχιτεκτονική
Σημειωτική ανάλυση
Σχολή του Σικάγου
Issue date 2018-12-19
Collection   Faculty/Department--Faculty of Social Sciences--Department of Sociology--Post-graduate theses
  Type of Work--Post-graduate theses
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