Your browser does not support JavaScript!

Doctoral theses

Current Record: 2 of 31

Back to Results Previous page
Next page
Add to Basket
[Add to Basket]
Identifier 000454814
Title Longitudinal associations between emotional and interpersonal difficulties in school-aged children
Alternative Title Διαχρονικά μοντέλα σχέσεων συναισθηματικών και διαπροσωπικών δυσκολιών σε μαθητές σχολικής ηλικίας
Author Σπυροπούλου, Έλλη
Thesis advisor Γιοβαζολίας Θεόδωρος
Select a value Μουζάκη Αγγελική
Σιδερίδης Γεώργιος
Κουρκούτας Ηλίας
Αθανασιάδου Χριστίνα
Βασιλόπουλος Στέφανος
Καραγιάννη - Καραγιαννοπούλου Ευαγγελία
Abstract Early adolescence represents a critical period in human development that marks the emergence of a dramatic increase in both emotional and interpersonal difficulties. The bulk of studies exploring relations between depressive symptoms, rumination tendencies, and peer victimization experiences in young individuals have predominately focused on assessing rumination in the context of sad mood. Despite of evidence showing anger coping deficits to be common in both depressed-prone individuals and victims of peer mistreatment, potential relationships between depressive symptoms, anger rumination tendencies and peer victimization are less clarified. The goal of the present research was threefold: (1) to investigate the factorial structure and psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Children’s Anger Rumination Scale (CARS) (Study 1), (2) to explore the longitudinal bidirectional association between anger rumination and depressive symptoms in early adolescence, and to examine whether this relation differs by gender (Study 2), and (3) to extend Study 2 by assessing whether peer victimization mediates the prospective relationship from depressive symptoms to anger rumination, and to examine whether this relation differs by gender (Study 3). In Study 1, CARS’s factorial structure and psychometric properties were examined using a convenience sample of 552 Greek children and early adolescents (Mage = 11.50 years; 53.6% girls). Factorial structure was explored by contrasting alternative representations of the instrument (one-factor and four-factor independent cluster models – confirmatory factor analysis [ICM–CFA], exploratory structural equation modelling [ESEM], bifactor-CFA and bifactor-ESEM). The hypothesized bifactor-ESEM solution, comprised by a general anger rumination factor and four specific factors showed the best fit to the data and revealed the unidimensionality of the CARS. Measurement invariance across gender and age (children vs. preadolescents) in the level of latent means showed no significant differences in anger rumination tendencies. CARS’s internal consistency, one-month test-retest reliability as well as expected patterns of convergent and discriminant validity were also established. The predictive power of the instrument was also supported, as participants’ rumination tendencies towards anger were found to explain both depressive symptoms and engagement in bullying behaviors. In Study 2, the bidirectional relationship between depressive symptoms and anger rumination was examined using a convenience longitudinal sample of 304 early adolescents (Mage = 10.80 years; 44.7% boys). A two-wave latent cross-lagged panel model (CLPM) indicated that depressive symptoms predicted increases in anger rumination one year later but not vice versa. These relations were consistent across both genders. In Study 3 a two-wave latent “half-longitudinal mediation” model showed that peer victimization mediated the longitudinal relation from depressive symptoms to anger rumination one year later. No significant gender differences were supported. However, boys with higher depressive symptoms were found to be more at risk than girls for endorsing anger rumination over time through peer victimization. Suggestions for future research and implications for counselling treatments are also provided.
Language English
Subject Anger rumination
Depressive symptoms
Longitudinal models
Peer victimization
Διαχρονικά μοντέλα
Θυματοποίηση από τους συνομηλίκους
Καταθλιπτικά συμπτώματα
Μηρυκασμός του θυμού
Issue date 2022-02-14
Collection   School/Department--School of Social Sciences--Department of Psychology--Doctoral theses
  Type of Work--Doctoral theses
Permanent Link Bookmark and Share
Views 14

Digital Documents
No preview available

No permission to view document.
It won't be available until: 2024-03-30