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Identifier 000438336
Title Γνώσεις και στάσεις εγκύων για την πρόληψη των συγγενών λοιμώξεων
Alternative Title Awareness and attitudes of pregnant women about congenital
Author Σκουλά, Περσεφόνη
Thesis advisor Χατζηδάκη, Ελευθερία
Reviewer Δημητρίου Λένα
Βρεκούσης, Θωμάς
Abstract Introduction: Educating pregnant women on preventing congenital infections reduces their risk behavior for infections. However, they are not always sufficiently educated. There is a lack of data on the adequacy of pregnant women's education and risk behavior in Greece. This study aimed to assess pregnant women's knowledge towards preventing CMV infection, listeriosis, toxoplasmosis, and syphilis, and adherence to preventive measures during pregnancy. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September and November 2020, and included women in pregnancy or in the immediate postpartum period of the two public hospitals in Heraklion Crete . Data were collected after informed consent through a questionnaire, with questions about demographic characteristics, knowledge of preventive measures, pregnancy habits, and information source. Results: Of the 355 participants 78.1% had been informed about congenital infections, mainly by their obstetrician. Awareness was 82.5% for toxoplasmosis, 65.9% for syphilis, 42.8% for CMV, and 24.5% for listeriosis. The majority (75.2%) were informed on precautionary measures for toxoplasmosis, but only 19.4% for CMV infection and 14.1% for listeriosis. Higher education, Greek nationality, and age 26-35 years were associated with higher knowledge scores. Regarding syphilis, only 10.5% were aware of the possibility for therapeutic intervention during pregnancy to prevent transmission to the newborn. Adherence to all precautionary measures was suboptimal (23.4% for toxoplasmosis, 5.4% for listeriosis, 47.3% for CMV infection). Women that lived in rural or semi-rural areas or had at least 1 child were more prone to CMV infection based on their behaviour. Respectively, for toxoplasma infection, more dangerous behaviors were adopted by women living in rural areas or being of age under 25 . Last, risk behavior towards listeriosis was more prevalent among those who lived in rural or semi-rural areas, had at least 2 children or were under 25 years old. Conclusion: Among pregnant women, knowledge about prevention and adherence to preventive measures were insufficient to prevent exposure to CMV, listeria, and toxoplasma. Information about syphilis was also limited. Targeted interventions are needed to educate pregnant women and women of reproductive age on prevention of congenital infections.
Language Greek
Subject CMV infection
CMV λοίμωξη
Congenital infections
Συγγενείς λοιμώξεις
Issue date 2021-03-29
Collection   School/Department--School of Medicine--Department of Medicine--Post-graduate theses
  Type of Work--Post-graduate theses
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