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Identifier 000430192
Title Το μοντέλο ηγεσίας, όπως παρουσιάζεται στα έργα Αλεξάνδρου Ανάβασις του Αρριανού και Κύρου ανάβασις του Ξενοφώντα / Μηλιαρά Άννα-Μαρία.
Alternative Title The leadership model in Arrian's Alexandrer Anavasis and in Xenophon's Cyrus Anabasis
Author Μηλιαρά, Άννα-Μαρία
Thesis advisor Ταμιωλάκη Μελίνα
Abstract It is widely known that Arrian was influenced by the fourth century writer, Xenophon. In many of his works, Arrian introduces himself as the second Xenophon (Ekt. 10.22, Peripl. 12.5). This authorial and intellectual affinity between the two writers was already noticed by several grammarians, lexicographers and authors in antiquity (Suda Α 3868 Αdler (FGrHist 156 T 1, Polyb. 3.6.10, Eunap. 1.1.2). Concerning the Anabasis of Alexander, which is the work under study, it is a literary reminiscence of Xenophon's Anabasis of Cyrus. In particular, both the unusual title "Anabasis" and the work's seven-book structure reflect Arrian's emulation (in structure, style, and content) of the Greek historian Xenophon, whose own Anabasis in seven books narrated the earlier campaign of Cyrus the Younger in 401 BC. Actually, Arrian refers twice to Xenophon in his Anabasis (1.121-5, 2.7.7-9). Taking into account the intertextual relationship between Arrian and Xenophon, the aim of the present master thesis is to compare models of leadership in the two works: more specifically, the similarities between Cyrus, Xenophon and Alexander. These three personalities share a lot of common features. For example, both works illustrate that a virtuous leader has to demonstrate piety and to be able to encourage his soldiers, either by delivering a speech, or by rewarding his followers. Another significant element of a successful leadership is the leader’s ability to motivate the army through his own paradigmatic actions and his participation in the dangers of the combat. Equally important is the ability to arouse the fear of the enemy and to punish the disobedient. Other characteristics include the use of diplomacy, where and when is needed, the organizational and observational capabilities and the ability to predict and prevent the enemy’s plans. Last but not least, a competent leader owes to accommodate for the safety and prosperity of the army and to be adept at fabricating ploys, when it is necessary. In this thesis we also examine comparatively the leading portrait of Alexander as it is constructed by Arrian and by other sources. The purpose of this comparative study is to indicate the differences between Arrian and those narrations and to find the cause of this differentiation. It is worth exploring, in our opinion, whether this differentiation is due to the influence of Xenophon. We conclude that the similarities between those two writers cannot be accidental.
Language Greek
Subject Anabasis
Issue date 2020-05-16
Collection   Faculty/Department--Faculty of Letters--Department of Philology--Post-graduate theses
  Type of Work--Post-graduate theses
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