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Identifier uch.chemistry.msc//2005fasoulakis
Title Ανασκόπηση της παρουσίας του γίγνεσθαι και των επιδράσεων των αντιβιοτικών στο περιβάλλον
Alternative Title A Review of the occurance,the fate and the effects of the antibiotics in the environment
Creator Fasoulakis, Georgios
Abstract Large quantities of antibiotics are administered to humans and animals every year to treat diseases and infection. Antibiotics are also commonly used at sub-therapeutic levels to livestock to prevent diseases and promote growth. About 90% of the administered antibiotics can be excreted without undergoing metabolism and due to ineffective treatment removal or improper disposal they may end up into the aquatic environment via wastewater effluent and agriculture runoff. Contamination of aquatic systems by antibiotics could perturb microbial ecology, increase the proliferation of antibiotic-resistant pathogens, and could pose threats to human health. The presence of antibiotics in the aquatic environment also presents challenges for the water industry particularly on the issues of water reuse and water resource planning. Results of recent studies indicate the presence of low concentrations of antibiotics in municipal wastewater effluent and surface water but little is really known about their distribution in the environment, their mobility and persistence in natural and engineered water systems. Although information is limited, studies on the transformation and sorption of antibiotics indicate that these processes significantly affect the fate of most classes of antibiotics. Besides all these, the occurance of antibiotics (ng/l) can be taken for granted for all water compartments, luckily, without posing a threat to human health or to aquatic organisms, at least for the time being. Based on the above we shall present a literature review concerning the occurrence, the fate and the possible environmental effects of antibiotics together with the analytical strategies used for identifying them.
Subject Antibiotics, fate, occurance, invironment,wastewater, surface water, ground water,analysis
Issue date 2005-07-01
Date available 2007-01-11
Collection   Faculty/Department--Faculty of Sciences and Engineering--Department of Chemistry--Post-graduate theses
  Type of Work--Post-graduate theses
Permanent Link https://elocus.lib.uoc.gr//dlib/f/b/c/metadata-dlib-2005fasoulakis.tkl Bookmark and Share
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