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Identifier 000434765
Title Εκτίμηση σωματικών και ψυχολογικών συμπτωμάτων σε γυναίκες με καρκίνο του μαστού που υποβάλλονται σε ακτινοθεραπεία
Author Γραμματοπούλου, Μαρία
Thesis advisor Τσιλιγιάννη, Ιωάννα
Βλασιάδης, Κων/νος
Σηφάκη-Πιστόλλα Δήμητρα
Abstract Introduction-Aim: Breast cancer is the second most common disease after cardiovascular disease, in the age group 40-50 years, but also the most common cause of death. The prevalence of the disease is found mainly in women in relation to other cancers, counting 2.1 million cases each year and causing the most cancer deaths (22,23). The present study aims to investigate and evaluate on a quantitative scale the physical and psychological symptoms of women with breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy, in the Greek data of a University General Hospital. Methods: The study involved a total of 80 newly diagnosed women with breast cancer who came to the Radiotherapy Unit of the University General Hospital of Heraklion to start radiotherapy. Upon their arrival, the completion of clinical assessment tools (questionnaires) of physical and psychological symptoms was requested.The first questionnaire (DASS 21 scale) was designed to measure the extent of the severity of anxiety and depression symptoms. The second (Piper Fatigue Scale) included questions about the causes, relief, description of fatigue and whether there were any accompanying symptoms. The evaluation of the volunteers was done for a total of 6 months, in two time periods, during the first week (start) and the last week (end) of Radiotherapy. Results:Characteristic is the finding of the present study where at the beginning of radiotherapy significantly higher levels than DASS-21 show the subscale Stress against Depression or Anxiety (p <0.001) as well as the Cognitive mood against the rest of Fatigue (p <0.001 ). The percentage of patients with normal levels of Depression, Anxiety & Stress was found to be high in both time phases. The increase in Depression levels is significantly influenced by marital status (Single, Divorced, Widowed vs. Married) (p <0.05) and work (employed vs. unemployed, retired, domestic) (p <0.05). Conclusion: The present study showed that the DASS 21 and Piper scales are valuable tools for measuring the severity of anxiety, depression symptoms and fatigue. Breast cancer creates emotional disorders, which are strongly statistically related to factors such as marital status, work, etc. However, the sample of patients needs to be strengthened in order to confirm these findings and to investigate the trends observed in the present study.
Language Greek
Subject Anxiety
Emotional changes
Καρκίνος μαστού
Συναισθηματικές μεταβολές
Issue date 2020-12-17
Collection   School/Department--School of Medicine--Department of Medicine--Post-graduate theses
  Type of Work--Post-graduate theses
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