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Identifier 000414730
Title Observations of galaxies in the local universe with the space telescope Gaia
Alternative Title Παρατηρήσεις γαλαξιών στο τοπικό σύμπαν με το διαστημικό τηλεσκόπιο Γαία
Author Τσιάτσιου, Σοφία Ι.
Thesis advisor Χαρμανδάρης, Βασίλης
Μπέλλας -Βελίδης Ιωάννης
Abstract Gaia is a European Space Agency (ESA) cornerstone mission which was launched in 2013. While its main objective is to take a census of the stellar content of our Galaxy, it will also observe a large number of many other objects, among them over a million of unresolved galaxies. The objective of the Thesis is to extend, towards larger redshifts, the module Unresolved Galaxy Classifier (UGC) that is being developed for the Gaia ground-based pipeline by the Greek team, member of the Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC). The UGC is being developed to use low-resolution spectra of galaxies observed by Gaia's BP/RP spectrophotometer to classify the galaxies and to estimate specific astrophysical parameters. Our purpose is to develop an automatic procedure, based on supervised machine learning algorithm, through the Support Vector Machines (SVM), to predict the redshift of galaxies from BP/RP spectra up to z = 0:6. As a very first step we found which sources in the first Gaia's archive are galaxies by cross- matching the Gaia DR1 with the SDSS DR13 spectra table, which is composed of sources that have been observed spectroscopically. This led us to an estimate that more than 1.5 million of galaxies are observed by Gaia. In order to be able to create the redshift estimator, we selected a properly restricted subset of the matched galaxies (Gaia DR1 with SDSS DR13 BOSS) and downloaded their SDSS's photometric and spectroscopic parameters (among them the redshifts). The corresponding SDSS BOSS spectra have been modelled for the BP/RP spectrophotometer forming with the parameters an empirical library" of Gaia's galaxies spectra. In a series of experiments with the SVM, trained and tested using the spectra and redshifts from the library, we defined an optimal SVM model to be used in the UGC. In this optimization the error in redshift prediction for galaxies with Gaia's magnitude G=17 within the range z=0.0-0.6 is 0.056, while in the middle part of the range it is as small as 0.029. Ways to improve this performance are discussed.
Language English
Subject Astrometry
Astronomical data bases
Gaia space mission
Sloan digital sky survey
Star formation
Βάσεις αστρονομικών δεδομένων
Δημιουργία αστεριών
Διαστημική αποστολή Γαία
Issue date 2018-03-23
Collection   Faculty/Department--Faculty of Sciences and Engineering--Department of Physics--Post-graduate theses
  Type of Work
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