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Identifier 000423733
Title Διερεύνηση των επιδράσεων της νηστείας της Ορθοδόξου Χριστιανικής Εκκλησίας στην οστική πυκνότητα και τον μυοσκελετικό μεταβολισμό σε εμμηνοπαυσιακές γυναίκες και άτομα ηλικίας άνω των 50 ετών.
Alternative Title Impact of Christian Orthodox fasting on bone mineral density and musculoskeletal metabolism in postmenopausal women and individuals over 50 years old.
Author Μανωλαράκης, Γεώργιος Ε.
Thesis advisor Καφάτος, Α.
Τσιλιγιάννη, Ι.
Abstract Nutritional disorders can cause secondary osteoporosis as well as musculoskeletal metabolism dysfunction. The Orthodox Christian Church's fasting consists of abstinence from food and/or food categories for 180/-19 days of total, especially of animal protein and dairy products. This case-control study attempts to investigate the effect of this fasting pattern on musculoskeletal metabolism and bone density. 100 fasters (68 women, 32 men) and 100 non-fasters (66 women, 34 men) over 50 years old (including women in menopause) provided general information, as well as a 3-day food record during a non-fast period. They underwent a clinical examination, biochemical blood tests and DEXA bone densitometry in the lumbar spine and the hips. Results revealed statistically significant differences between non-fasters over fasters for smoking, daily consumption of protein, fat (including polyunsaturated), dietary fibers, vitamins B3, B12, folic acid, D3 & E, as well as for calcium, manganese, magnesium, selenium, iron, and phosphorus. Regarding potassium, fasters achieved the optimal levels. Regarding BMD, statistically significant difference found on fasters’ spines (4%). Inverted image for right femoral neck despite the favorable T-scores over left ones. Nevertheless, abstinence from dairy and animal protein caused did not affect iron, nor on the, already low, D3 blood levels. Orthodox Christian fasting as a “healthy” eating habit seems to contribute favorably to musculoskeletal health, as future studies expected to confirm.
Language Greek
Subject Osteoporosis
Issue date 2019-07-17
Collection   Faculty/Department--School of Medicine--Department of Medicine--Post-graduate theses
  Type of Work--Post-graduate theses
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