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Identifier 000398762
Title Photonic devices of piezoelectric quantum dots
Alternative Title Φωτονικές διατάξεις πιεζοηλεκτρικών κβαντικών τελειών
Author Γερμάνης, Σάββας
Thesis advisor Πελεκάνος, Νικόλαος
Reviewer Σαββίδης, Παύλος
Χατζόπουλος, Ζαχαρίας
Ρεμεδιάκης, Ιωάννης
Κιοσέογλου, Γεώργιος
Κεχαγιάς, Θωμάς
Βολιώτη, Βάλια
Abstract Semiconductor Quantum Dots (QDs) are an ideal artificial system to study fundamental properties of matter and the ultimate component of quantum information processing. Towards the implementation of a tunable source of single photons or entangled photon pairs, we present here a study on self-assembled InAs/GaAs QDs, grown on a high-index (211)B GaAs substrate. The system has all the benefits of regular and well-studied (100) InAs/GaAs QDs, but additionally has a fascinating characteristic, which is the presence of a large vertical piezoelectric (PZ) field inside the QDs, bringing in a number of significant advantages, which are illustrated in this work. First, the PZ field along the growth direction preserves the high symmetry of the confining potential, leading to negligible fine structure splitting (FSS) values in the system, which is essential for entanglement applications. By polarization resolved micro-photoluminescence experiments we deduce negligible FSS values of PZ QDs, which make them good candidates for quantum information applications. Second, the PZ field generates large exciton-biexciton energy splittings, which is prerequisite for single photon applications at high temperatures. This ability is demonstrated by cross-correlation experiments on single exciton emission lines, showing clear anti-bunching behaviour at elevated temperatures. Third, due to the pronounced PZ field, the emission wavelength of these QDs should be very sensitive to an applied external electric field, leading to significant Stark shifts in this QD system. To explore this, a special dot-containing diode structure has been fabricated and studied, and enhanced Stark tuning of the QD emission has been observed. Finally, our results provide a clear demonstration of the importance of non-linear piezoelectric effects in Zinc-Blende semiconductors
Language English
Issue date 2015-12-04
Collection   Faculty/Department--Faculty of Sciences and Engineering--Department of Materials Science and Technology--Doctoral theses
  Type of Work--Doctoral theses
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