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Identifier 000414568
Title Το ζήτημα του αντισημιτισμού στη Σχολή της Φρανκφούρτης
Author Βαμβουκάκη, Αικατερίνη
Thesis advisor Λαβράνου, Αλίκη
Reviewer Ιακώβου Βασιλική
Γκούνης Κωνσταντίνος
Abstract The master’s thesis aims to approach the question of anti-Semitism through the view some of the thinkers of Frankfurt School. For this purpose, we decided to write the text in the basis of two “pylons”. With the first we make reference to an “early” economical explanation for anti-Semitism, which is written by Horkheimer in 1939 (“Jews and Europe”), where Jews are presented as representatives of the field of circulation in the liberal capitalism. In this work, Horkheimer is based in Pollock’s economical theory for state capitalism, and, because of this, we have a separate chapter about this theory and about the theory of corporatism too, as it is presented in “Authoritarian State”. The second “pylon” is about a “post” explanation of the anti- Semitism, which Horkheimer and Adorno give in the last chapter of Dialectic of Enlightenment in 1944, where they show a more complete explanation of the phenomenon, as, apart from the economical reasons for the chase against Jews, they present physiological and cultural reasons too. Jews represent the imitation and the return in previous cultural stages, where the individual used to be in harmony with the nature. The change of the argument in this explanation has to do with the fact that in 1944 the terrible consequences of the war were obvious, in contrast with 1939. Consequently, we are concerned on how Jews are at the same time representatives of nature and of circulation? From this point of view, does the work of 1944 complete that of 1939 or is it a new approach of this complicated question? As we will show and in our opinion, the two works are mutually linked.
Language Greek
Issue date 2016
Collection   School/Department--School of Social Sciences--Department of Sociology--Post-graduate theses
  Type of Work--Post-graduate theses
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