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Identifier 000420109
Title Πρώτες ύλες κατασκευής εργαλείων λαξευμένου λίθου στην παλαιολιθική Ελλάδα : ιδιότητες, πηγές και οικονομία
Alternative Title Lithic raw material used for the knapping of tools in palaeolithic Greece: properties, sources and economy
Author Καρκαζή, Έλλη-Ρόδη
Thesis advisor Γαλανίδου, Νένα
Reviewer Μαγκανάς Ανδρέας
Ευστρατίου Νίκος
Κόπακα Κατερίνα
Σταμπολίδης Νικόλαος
Ηλιόπουλος Γιώργος
Μποσνάκης Δημήτρης
Abstract This thesis examines the technological organization and strategies of lithic raw material procurment practiced by the Palaeolithic hominins who inhabited Greece. To address these issues a two-stage approach was undertaken including field work and lab research. Firstly, the sources of lithic raw material used were identified, by means of mineralogical and geochemical analyses. Secondly, the ways of different reduction sequences and tools production with respect to different types of lithic raw materials were determined. In an attempt to approach the question of different hominin use of stone from a diachronic perspective, lithic assemblages from the lower Palaeolithic open air site Rodafnidia, at Lesvos island, the Middle Palaeolithic site Kalamakia Cave, at Mani Peninsula and the Upper Palaeolithic site Melitzia cave, also at Mani Peninsula were studied. Questions of hominin planning, degrees of mobility, site catchment definition and technological activity modes present on sites have also been addressed. Regarding Rodafnidia the results invite us to reconsider the so-called African pattern and the role of igneous and metamorphic rocks, as a criterion to its definition. At the Mani Peninsula the results shed light on behavioural aspects of two different hominin species, Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens. These two species adopted different lithic raw material exploitation strategies as a result of different modes of adaptation in a stable through time lithic environment. This thesis adds to the broader discussion of the Greek Palaeolithic a new strand of evidence that has remained largely unexplored.
Language Greek
Subject Economy
Lesbos
Lithic raw material
Mani peninsula
Palaeolithic
Λέσβος
Λίθινη πρώτη ύλη
Λιθοτεχνία λαξευμένου λίθου
Μάνη
Οικονομία
Παλαιολιθική εποχή
Issue date 2018-12-14
Collection   Faculty/Department--Faculty of Letters--Department of History and Archaeology--Doctoral theses
  Type of Work--Doctoral theses
Permanent Link https://elocus.lib.uoc.gr//dlib/c/b/9/metadata-dlib-1545122389-559319-16755.tkl Bookmark and Share
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